The Science behind preventing suicidal attempts in adolescents

Researches claim that around (15-18) % of the teenagers in their high schools positively think about suicidal clauses. The burgeoning problem confronting parents, teachers, doctors, and other adults accountable for those children is preventing suicidal thoughts from intensifying into an attempt on their lives. Suicide turns out to be the second critical case of deaths in children and teenagers, making the death toll click higher than that of cancer, diabetes, or asthma. The report released by the American Academy of Pediatrics reveals that the number of cases circumscribing suicidal thoughts and actions amongst teenagers has trebled itself in the last decade, which is alarming.

While the cause of an immediate suicidal thought remains a mystery, several mental health practitioners cannot deal with a post-traumatic syndrome, which collectively makes the issue worsen, developing repetitive suicidal attempts in almost one out of three cases.

Dr. Betsy Kennard, a professor of psychiatry at the University of Texas (Southwestern Medical Centre), serves as the director of the Suicide Prevention and Resilience in Children (SPARC) program at Children’s Health medical center. Her directed program uses personalize cognitive behavioral therapy based on the patient’s emotion regulations, tolerance, mood fluctuations, and background of previously tested relapse-prevention work to address a comprehensive progressive medication program. Often the doctors tend to generalize the concerns even if the issue seems very familiar, leaving out the more profound facts and the background, creating loopholes in the treatment therapy leading to the repetitive suicidal cases.

A very mundane trait of any depression or depression-like scenario is the influence of the mood changes. The particular scientific features such as self-destruction, worthlessness, fear, helplessness, excessively introvert behavior can be noticed while having a conversation with a kid. Teenagers tend to be more irritable, which also involves a consistent decline in the school performances along with the sudden transition of the peer groups.

Depression is one of the primary investigation tools used by the psychiatrists to proctor suicidal behavioral patterns. Often the diagnostic process changes its track resulting in the overlooking of minute details and precise information, especially in a moody teenager phase. Most of the time, the children arrive at the traumatic center with an escalated depression scale, which induces various physiological patterns to work anomaly. The most critical post-traumatic effects in the children’s lives scribe the secondary psychological distress once he/she is released fro the hospital. The kids are made to transfer school, isolated from friends and family- an ordeal that can increase many of the stress factors that cause depression. The secondary traumas reframe themselves as the dominating factors after a certain period resulting in a second suicide attempt.

The SPARC primarily works on skill-based therapy, which teaches the kids how to cope up with stress and emotional discordance. The process takes into account multiple suicidal parameters and aims to alleviate the same risks by predicting the consequences. The result published from Dr. Kennard’s laboratory showed that not only can they minimize the relapse rates in children having a high inclination towards suicide; they could also mitigate the risk of relapsing suicidal thoughts.

Dr. Kennard hopes to establish that her program coupled with her results, can be replicated in a variety of clinical environments, and can be made available to children everywhere.

DISCLAIMER : Views expressed above are the author’s own.

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